Study Says Number of Farm Workers Increased in California

A recent study published by the U. C. Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics reports an increase in the number of agricultural employees in California.  Using data from the Employment Development Department, the authors conclude “since 1990, average employment in [California] agriculture rose 10%.”

To support their conclusion, the authors “extracted all SSNs reported by agricultural employers to EDD in 2007 and 2012, and tabulated their farm and nonfarm jobs in California.”

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The report states:

●    “Hired workers do most of the work in labor-intensive FVH agriculture.  According to the National Agricultural Workers Survey, over 85% of the state’s farm workers were born in Mexico.”

●    “Since 2010, average employment by crop support establishments has been rising by 10,000 a year.”

●    “Over 60% of crop workers employed on the state’s crop farms have been unauthorized for the past decade – 10 percentage points higher than the U.S. average of 50%.”

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Here’s the part that reminds you why we have persistent poverty in communities with an agricultural-based economy, such as Fresno County:

●    “Four counties – Kern, Fresno, Monterey, and Tulare – had over 40% of all primary farm workers”

●    “Average earnings for all workers with at least one farm employer were $18,000 in 2012,

●    “while average earnings for primary farm workers, defined as those who had their maximum earnings in agriculture, were $15,000.”

Brandon Hooker, Philip Martin, and Andy Wong, “California Farm Labor: Jobs and Workers,” in Agricultural and Resource Economics Update, July 2015 (U. C. Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics)